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Paper info: Relationships within a Cluster in Emerging Business Fields - Case-studies of Optoelectronics and Biotechnology at Tampere

Title


Relationships within a Cluster in Emerging Business Fields - Case-studies of Optoelectronics and Biotechnology at Tampere

Authors


Kirsi Puustinen,
Olavi Uusitalo
Tampere University of Technology
Finland
Olavi Uusitalo and
Toni Mikkola
Tampere University of Technology
Finland
Toni Mikkola

Place of Publication


The paper was published at the 25th IMP-conference in Marseille, France in 2009.

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Abstract


Since the classic frameworks by IMP Group were developed the characteristics of the business and technology environment have changed dramatically. The modern knowledge economy is creating a new set of rules in the field of value creation. Thus, the relevance and viability of the frameworks should continuously be re-examined and "revisited". In this paper we focus on two young clusters in Tampere region, optoelectronics and biotechnology, by applying the classic framework of the interaction approach. Thus, we also complement the revisiting work by adapting the framework to emerging business fields.According to our results it seems that in the modern knowledge economy the interaction approach should be seen in wider context than just between the buyer and seller. There might exist strong dependence and relationship between two actors even that there was no direct mutual trading in traditional way of thinking. For instance, because of a risk of contamination of each other's reputation in case of product failure companies should manage their relationships not only with their closest partners but with wider network.The importance of the individuals is emphasized in fairly small clusters. Personal relationships enable the information and social exchange and have definitely influence on the atmosphere. The turnover of workers between companies may be seen as an element of interaction process and should be taken into account in the framework of interaction approach. As well as other elements of interaction process, the turnover has strong influence on the atmosphere.