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Paper info: The process of collective entrepreneurial action


The process of collective entrepreneurial action


edith andresen and
Heléne Lundberg
Mid Sweden University
Heléne Lundberg

Place of Publication

The paper was published at the 25th IMP-conference in Marseille, France in 2009.


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Entrepreneurship is regarded as a vital factor in bringing about growth, but the problem for policy-makers is to decide how entrepreneurship is to be facilitated. Different steps in the entrepreneurial process have been identified and discussed but it is still difficult to understand how the entrepreneurial process works. Starting in entrepreneurship, defined as discovery, exploitation, and creation of opportunities through entrepreneurial action, we strive at identifying the important elements and processes that can explain how an opportunity evolves, develops and grows through cooperation in order to become a legitimate venture. We propose a general model of opportunity recognition, creation and exploitation processes for cooperative initiatives. For this purpose we use theories on entrepreneurship and social movement in an integrated framework. A qualitative case study of a collaborative networking initiative in Örnsköldsvik, Sweden is used to illustrate how the initiating actors, and later on the extended group of actors, acted to define and create their field of action, how they mobilized resources and how they built legitimacy.