Paper info: Integrating principles of yin and yang and business networks- The dynamics of cooperation and competition
Integrating principles of yin and yang and business networks- The dynamics of cooperation and competition
Hanken School of Economics
Stockholm School of Economics
Place of Publication
The paper was published at the 25th IMP-conference in Marseille, France in 2009.
Findings from business network studies have led to some seemingly paradoxical propositions such as: "Competition drives cooperation". "Increased cooperation leads to more intense competition". "Change requires stability." "Stability is dependent on change". How can the network processes be understood when we apply the paradoxical propositions? In this paper we focus on how market dynamics, as it relates to competition and cooperation processes in the market, can be understood as interaction between these processes. We do this by investigating how Yin and Yang-principles in Taoism might be applied to such analyses. Yin and Yang symbolize different opposing forces that act together and form a whole. A certain force cannot be understood apart from its counterforce, which would mean that cooperation cannot be understood without competition and vice versa. The purpose of the paper is thus to discuss the potential usefulness of applying Yin and Yang principles in studies aiming to increase understanding of network dynamics. We will focus on the balancing of the forces of cooperation and competition in business markets with reference to the configuration of competition and cooperation in the network.