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Paper info: Tools for Complex Systems Research


Tools for Complex Systems Research


Erik Verbeeck
Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
Erik Verbeeck

Place of Publication

The paper was published at the 20th IMP-conference in Copenhagen, Denmark in 2004.



Three tools for research in complex systems are presented. Hierarchy Theory explicitly separates the role of the observer and the observed object and looks for powerful viewpoints. Logical Level Analysis sorts out confusions between strategies and objectives in a system and identifies the origin of a malfunction. Econophysics has developed models for systems where a large number of agents interact and self-organised macroscopic behaviour is displayed.