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Paper info: Collaborative Processes in e-supply Networks

Title


Collaborative Processes in e-supply Networks

Authors


Chris Nøkkentved
Copenhagen Business School
Denmark
Chris Nøkkentved and
Laurids Hedaa
Copenhagen Business School
Denmark
Laurids Hedaa

Place of Publication


The paper was published at the 16th IMP-conference in Bath, U.K in 2000.

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Abstract


This paper, which outlines research in progress, will attempt to provide an overview ofcollaborative relationships and processes within electronically-connected supply networks.These e-Supply Networks utilize the Internet to facilitate coordination and collaborationamong multiple trading partners. We will look into the premises of interorganizationalcollaboration by delving into the new market landscape, trade exchanges and collaborativecommunities. Based on the contemporary business developments transformed by the adventof the Internet, we will describe the processes that define collaboration and take place inbilateral and multilateral relationships between partnering firms. We will expose how esupplynetworks are currently deploying supply chain planning applications185 that bind firmsthrough information-sharing, interdependent transactions and collaborative processes thattake place in Internet-based Marketplaces or Trade Exchanges. In order to establish andfacilitate interorganizational collaborative partnerships, a rising number of firms use processreference models that have been developed via cross-industry initiatives. The mostnoteworthy are: a) Supply Chain Council's SCOR (supply chain operations reference processmodel); and b) the Voluntary Industry Collaboration's CPFR business model (CollaborativePlanning, Forecasting and Replenishment). Both of these models attempt to assist managersin designing supply networks via standard, but highly customizable process descriptions. TheSCOR model is more focused on performance improvement, while the CPFR model studies?how? companies can design and deploy their collaborative processes. We will show how theSCOR model is used to classify collaborative processes, and subsequently make a shortpresentation of the CPFR model. Finally, we will end by setting forward a research agendathat goes beyond the largely descriptive and anecdotal presentation of the advantages of e-Business from popular literature and press. We believe that companies are facing immensecosts and barriers related with their transformation into collaborative communities.